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In the 1960s the Medical Research Council realized the need for regulation and improvement of the care and use of experimental animals in Canada, and asked the National Research Council to create a committee for this purpose.
The Canadian Council on Animal Care (CCAC) was established with the recommendation of the committee in 1982 as a non profit and independent organization dedicated to overseeing the use of experimental animals across the country, supported by universities and government departments where animals are used across the country. The CCAC has developed the Guide to the Care and Use of Experimental Animals, to which participating facilities must adhere.
The CCAC’s mandate establishes it as the national peer review agency to “act in the interests of the people of Canada” as the body “responsible for setting and maintaining standards for the care and use of animals used in research, teaching, and testing throughout Canada.” Member organizations of the CCAC include veterinarians, the research industry, educators, and scientists. The CFHS is the only animal welfare organization represented on the CCAC.